Southeast Missouri State University

Abbreviations

  1. Do not abbreviate United States when used as a noun; only when used as an adjective.

  2. Use the abbreviations Ave., Blvd. and St. only with a numbered address.
    (ie. 520 Normal Ave., but Normal Avenue) Do not abbreviate words alley, drive, terrace, circle, road and similar address designations. Spell out and capitalize First through Ninth as street names; use figures with two letters for 10th and above.

  3. Abbreviate compass points when part of a numbered street address. Spell out if number is not given.
    ie. 603 N. Henderson, but North Henderson.

  4. Eight state names are never abbreviated. These are Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas and Utah.

  5. Spell out state names when they stand alone in text. Abbreviate after name of a city. Place one comma between city and state, and another after the state abbreviation or name, unless the state name ends the sentence:
    ie. He drove from Cape Girardeau, Mo., to Des Moines, Iowa.

  6. In abbreviating state names in a story, do not use the two-letter postal abbreviations, except when being used with full addresses, including ZIP Code. In all other instances, use:
    Ala.  
    Ariz. 
    Ark.  
    Calif.   
    Colo.  
    Conn.
    Del. 
    Fla.   
    Ga.   
    Ill.   
    Ind. 
    Kan.
    Ky.   
    La.
    Md. 
    Mass.
    Mich. 
    Minn.
    Miss.
    Mo. 
    Mont.
    Neb. 
    Nev. 
    N.H.
    N.J. 
    N.M. 
    N.Y.   
    N.C.
    N.D.
    Okla.
    Ore.
    Pa.
    R.I.
    S.C.
    S.D.
    Tenn.
    Vt.
    Va.
    Wash.
    W.Va.
    Wis.
    Wyo.
     

  7. Capitalize the names of months in all uses. When a month is used with a specific date, abbreviate only Jan., Feb., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov. and Dec. Spell out when using alone or with a year alone.
    When a phrase lists only a month and a year, do not separate the year with commas. When a phrase refers to a month, day and year, set off the year with commas.

    ie.  January 1972 was a cold month.
    Jan. 2 was the coldest day of the month.
    His birthday is May 8.
    Feb. 14, 1987, was the target date.
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