Southeast Missouri State University

Below is the most basic format for a book. List the author’s name as written on the title page. If multiple authors or editors are listed, separate with commas and place an “and” before the final author or editor (Last, First, and First Last). Only the first name is reversed, the rest are written normally.

Foot/Endnote Citations:

Names are reversed in internal citations. When citing in the note the first time it would be:

Author First Last, Title (City: Publisher, Year), ##

Subsequent uses:

Author Last, Short Title, ##.

Bibliography:

Author Last, First. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year.

Editor Last, First, ed. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year.

Listed below are both the foot/endnote and the bibliography entry, in that order. Foot/endnotes recieve a first line (one tab or .5" indent, which should be automatic in Word), and the bibliography recieves a hanging indent. Be sure you are looking at the correct one.

  • Book by a Single Author

Ekaterina V. Haskins, Logos and Power in Isocrates and Aristotle (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2004), 24.

Haskins, Ekaterina V. Logos and Power in Isocrates and Aristotle. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.

  • Two to Three Authors

Alexander Musa and Fernando Bueno, Mass Effect 3: Official Game Guide (United States: Prima Games, 2012), 75.

Musa, Alexander, and Fernando Bueno. Mass Effect 3: Official Game Guide. United States: Prima Games, 2012.

  • Four or Ten Authors
    The bibliography entry remains the same as before, but the note entry lists only the first name followed by et al.

Jane B. Reese et al., Campbell Biology. 9th ed. (Boston: Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 2008), 154.

Reese, Jane B., Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, and Robert B. Jackson. Campbell Biology. 9th ed. Boston: Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 2008.

  • E-Book Not from a Website
    Specify which version you are referring to: Kindle edition, Microsoft Reader e-book, iBook edition. Since e-books don’t have stable page numbers, use chapter or headings instead.

Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre: An Autobiography (London: Service & Paton, 1897), Kindle edition, chap. 3.

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre: An Autobiography. London: Service & Paton, 1897. Kindle edition.

  • Older Books Freely Available on a Website

Carroll, Lewis, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1916, Project Gutenberg, 2012) chap 9. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11/11-h/11-h.htm#link2HCH0009

Carroll, Lewis. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Reprint of the 1916 edition, Project Gutenberg, 2012. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11/11-h/11-h.htm#link2HCH0009

  • Two or More Books by the Same Author
    If you have two or more books by the same author in the bibliography, list the first one like normal. The second one will have three em-dashes and a period in place of the author.

Booth, Wayne C. “From Modern Dogma and the Rhetoric of Assent.” The Rhetorical Tradition: Readings from Classical Times to the Present. Ed. Patricia Bizzell and Bruce Herzberg. 2nd ed. New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2000.

———. The Rhetoric of Fiction. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.

  • Organization as Author

American Medical Association, Complete Medical Encyclopedia (New York: Random, 2003).

American Medical Association. Complete Medical Encyclopedia. New York: Random, 2003.

  • An Anthology or Compilation as a Whole

James Gunn, and Matthew Candelaria, eds. Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction (Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow, 2005).

Gunn, James, and Matthew Candelaria, eds. Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow, 2005.

  • A Work in an Anthology

James Gunn, "Toward a Definition of Science Fiction," in Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction, ed. James Gunn and Matthew Candelaria (Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow, 2005), 11.

Author of Work. “Title of Work.” In Title of Anthology, edited by Editor of Book, ##–##. City: Publisher, Year.

Gunn, James. "Toward a Definition of Science Fiction." In Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction, edited by James Gunn and Matthew Candelaria. 5–12. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow, 2005.

  • A Translation

Feodor Dostoevsky, Crime and Punishment, ed. George Gibian, trans. Jessie Coulson (New York: Norton, 1964).

Dostoevsky, Feodor. Crime and Punishment. Edited by George Gibian. Translated by Jessie Coulson. New York: Norton, 1964.

  • Second or Subsequent Edition, Revised Edition, or Abridged Edition.
    For revised editions use “rev. ed.” For abridged, “abr. ed.”

Geoffrey Chaucer, The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, ed. F.W. Robinson, 2nd ed. (Boston: Houghton, 1957), 51.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Edited by F.W. Robinson. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton, 1957.

  • An Article in an Encyclopedia or Dictionary (Print)
    Common encyclopedias and dictionaries are only referenced in notes.

Who's Who in America, 52nd ed., s.v. "Ginsburg, Ruth Bader."

  • An Article in an Encyclopedia or Dictionary (Online)
    Common encyclopedias and dictionaries are only referenced in notes.

Merriam-Webster Online, s.v. “Serendipity,” accessed August 19, 2013, http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/serendipity.

  • Entry with an Author in a Specialized Reference Book

David Alderton, Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond Fish, (London: Dorling Kindersley, 2008), s.v. “Catfish.”

Alderton, David. Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond Fish. London: Dorling Kindersley, 2008.

  • An Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword

E. L. Doctorow, introduction to Sister Carrie, by Theodore Dreiser (New York: Bantam Books, 1982). xi.

Doctorow, E. L. Introduction to Sister Carrie, by Theodore Dreiser, v–xi. New York: Bantam Books, 1982.

  • An Anonymous Book

Encyclopedia of Virginia (New York: Somerset, 1993).

Encyclopedia of Virginia. New York: Somerset, 1993.

  • An Illustrated Book

Neil Gaiman, Stardust: Being a Romance within the Realms of Faerie, illus. Charles Vess (New York: Vertigo, 1999).

Gaiman, Neil. Stardust: Being a Romance within the Realms of Faerie. Illustrated by Charles Vess. New York: Vertigo, 1999.

  • A Multivolume Work
    If Citing the Whole Multivolume Work (Only in Bibliography):

Dewey, John. John Dewey: The Later Works. Edited by Jo Ann Boydston. 10 vols. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1980–88.

If Using Only One Volume:

     John Dewey, John Dewey: The Later Works, ed. Jo Ann Boydston, vol. 7, Ethics (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1984), 54–56.

Dewey, John. Ethics. Vol. 7 of John Dewey: The Later Works. Edited by Jo Ann Boydston. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1984.

  • A Book in a Series

Pablo Neruda, Canto General, trans. Jack Schmitt, Latin Amer. Lit. and Culture 7 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).

Neruda, Pablo. Canto General. Translated by Jack Schmitt. Latin Amer. Lit. and Culture 7. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

  • A Republished Book

Author First Last, Title of Work, (Original publication City: Publisher, Year; New publication City: Publisher, Year), ##. Citations refer to the ______ edition.

     Margaret Atwood, Surfacing, (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1972; New York: Doubleday, 1998), 75. Citations refer to the Doubleday edition.

Atwood, Margaret. Surfacing. New York: Doubleday, 1998. First published 1972 by McClelland and Stewart.

  • A Book in a Language Other Than English
    Unless it is translated or you are qualified to translate it, foreign information is best left as is.

Umberto Eco, Isola del giorno primo (Milano: Bpmpiani, 1994).

Eco, Umberto. Isola del giorno primo. Milano: Bpmpiani, 1994.

  • A Book Published Before 1900
    You may omit publisher, placing a comma after the city instead of a colon.

Sir Thomas Smith, De Republica Anglorum: The maner of governement or policie of the Realme of Englande (London, 1583).

Smith, Sir Thomas. De Republica Anglorum: The maner of governement or policie of the Realme of Englande. London, 1583.

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